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Restrictive measures or "sanctions" are an instrument of the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) of the European Union. Sanctions are intended to bring about a change in the policies or actions of those against whom the measures are directed, thus promoting the goals of the CFSP. They are directed against

  • Governments of non-EU member states because of their policies;

  • Organizations (companies) providing the means for the policies against which the measures are directed;

  • Groups or associations such as terrorist groups; and

  • Individuals who support the policies against which the measures are directed.

Sanctions include:

  • Arms embargoes;

  • Entry restrictions for listed persons (travel ban);

  • Freezing of the assets of listed persons or organizations;

  • Economic sanctions or restrictions for certain branches of the economy, including import or export bans for certain goods, investment bans, prohibition on the provision of certain services.

Listed persons and organizations may request the Council to review the decision to include them on the list. Finally, the listed persons and organizations have the opportunity to contest the decision of the Council, under the conditions set out in Article 275 (2) and Article 263 (4) and (6) TFEU, before the General Court of the European Union.

The firm advises organizations, persons, and public bodies in structuring their own (business) activities in order to avoid sanctions, as well as in proceedings before member state authorities and Union courts if those concerned feel unjustifiably affected by sanctions.